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Cryptococcal Meningitis: A Deadly Fungal Disease of Peoples Living with HIV/AIDS: Improving Access to Essential Antifungal Medicines: A Review Study

Cryptococcus a fungus abundantly found in soil all over the world. It is commonly present in the environment so most peoples breathe in the microscopic airborne spores. Sometimes it shows the same symptoms as of respiratory infection and sometimes no symptoms are observed at all. Specific complications, a well-known as immune reconstitution inflammatory cancer (IRIS), added intra cranial pressure and cryptococcosis, may require special strategies for their prosperous management in cryptococcosis since the continue IDSA guidelines in 2000, abandoned the extended-spectrum azoles (posaconazole and voriconazole) and the echinocandins (anidulafungin, caspofungin and micafungin) have commence available as new antifungal drugs. The objective of the study was to evaluate the consequences, prevalence and guidelines for cryptococcal. meningitis along with its preventive measures, relapse conditions and treatment options availability. The whole study was carefully conducted from various HIV and pharmaceutical journals including NCBI, PubMed and Springer, etc. Further studies are rightfully to penetrate and consider of other antifungals or aggregation antifungals and immunomodulating agents a well-known as monoclonal antibodies and gamma-interferon in the champion management of cryptococcal. meningitis. Clearly, the brutal management of added intracranial oblige plays a practice contributing way of life in impartial risk, along mutually others patients with opening CSF pressures >250 mm H2O should have serial lumbar punctures simultaneously pressures have normalized. Although infinite studies have discovered the clinical efficacy of fluconazole sterilization for systemic fungal infections, this strategy commit be approximately effective in countries where ART is unavailable.


Amna Islam*, Imran Ashraf

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